Posts Tagged ‘Shawnee’

Cherokee Chief Tecumseh (1768-1813) was born near Chillicothe, Ohio to the Kispoko band of Shawnees. After his death, the Kispoko dwelt on the Hog Creek Reservation in Ohio. The Kispoko, including his descendants, live on the Absentee Shawnee Reservation, Shawnee, Oklahoma.


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Indian Old Fields, AKA Eskippakithiki (often applied to entire state) 18th century, Clark County Kentucky, palisaded Shawnee town with 200 families and traders’ cabins. Tecumseh’s 2nd wife, Mamte, may have born here in 1765.

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November 4, 1791 a party of perhaps 1,000 Miami, Shawnee, Potawatomi, and Delaware warriors surprise attacked and routed at least 1,000 soldiers on the Wabash River near Fort Recovery Ohio. Only 12 Americans escaped unharmed. Little Turtle of the Miami and Blue Jacket of the Shawnee fought against General St. Clair’s American soldiers and Kentucky militia. [about half of Custer’s 700 soldiers were casualties]


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Shawnee capital

Shannoah AKA Lower Shawneetown in Ohio extended along the Scioto River where it meets the Ohio River—it spilled across the river to South Portsmouth, Kentucky. The massive Shawnee town lasted from 1734 to 1758 when a flood destroyed it. (a Fort Ancient site from 1400 to 1650)


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Pigeon Roost Massacre

On September 3, 1812, Indians attacked the settlement of Pigeon Roost, near current-day Underwood Indiana. 9 adults and 15 children were killed. 2 children were kidnapped. Survivors fled to a blockhouse. Later a militia group caught up with the attackers at Sand Creek in Bartholomew County, but one militiaman was killed, and the Indians escaped unharmed. (up to 4 Indians may have died at Pigeon Roost)

The settlement was squatters. The attackers were mainly Shawnee from Tullytown, near Charlestown Indiana and Muscatatuck near North Vernon Indiana. Other Shawnee and Delaware Indians may have helped.

This is of special interest to me as my grandfather, Lawrence Suddeth was born near about 4 miles west in Leota Indiana (70 years later) and grew up 5 miles west near Marysville Indiana. So far as I know, no family was involved with the settlers, with the Shawnee, possibly.


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Chenoweth Massacre

On July 17, 1789, Shawnees forded the Ohio River and attacked Chenoweth Station, near Middletown KY, home of Richard Chenoweth, one of Louisville’s first settlers. 3 Chenoweth children and 2 soldiers were killed, and the house was burned down. His wife, Peggy Chenoweth, was scalped but lived. The survivors fled to this 2-story springhouse (still standing). A force from Linn’s Station rescued them. It was led by Col. Richard Clough Anderson (likely my great…great uncle) but included William Clark, later of Lewis and Clark.

The Shawnee probably came from Tullytown (near Charlestown IN) and Muscatatuck (near North Vernon IN). They forded the Ohio River at Bull Creek where Armstrong Station was built, maybe to prevent more massacres. [my childhood home was built on Armstrong Station’s remains]

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On the banks of Pleasant Run, Clark County Indiana, the Shawnee had a village dating from perhaps 1750. Around 1790, a meti (French/Shawnee mixed) trader named Charles Tully ran a trading post, Local legend says the Shawnee defeated a force from Utica Indiana at Battle Creek.

Around 1799 whites moved in and renamed it Springville. From 1801 to 1802 it was the county seat of Clark County. The seat was moved, and residents abandoned it for nearby Charlestown.

These Utica ruins are known as the witch’s Castle. Legend says that Charles Tully’s daughters lived here.

[behind the Bottorff Cemetery is Pleasant Run, most of Tullytown lying on the opposite side of the creek]


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The photo is the front of the farmhouse I lived in as a baby. It belonged to my grandparents. This is the front—the back faces the Ohio River—on the right is Bull Creek. Grandpa’s farm ran all the way down to the Ohio River. He farmed with mules but had a milk cow, pigs, and chickens. (this is close to Charlestown Indiana)

The land slopes down to the Ohio River, which during dry weather was fordable on horseback. About 1790, Kentucky settlers built a blockhouse, Armstrong Station, to keep Shawnee warriors from crossing into Kentucky. I believe the farmhouse was built on the only flat ground available—the site of Armstrong Station. Being beside Bull Creek gave the blockhouse an emergency water supply. (blockhouse pictured is an example, the blockhouse was gone before cameras)


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Historic Home Place

This is the home I lived in as a baby. Bull Creek is to the viewer’s right. Behind the house, the farm ran to the Ohio River. (mules etc.) The river was fordable on horseback–Shawnee on horseback used to cross here to raid Kentucky. A 1790 blockhouse to prevent Shawnee raids was built here.  (Eric Suddeth photo)


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Shawnee Three Sisters Stew


I am not a cook, but this is based on Shawnee recipes and my dining experiences at powwows. The Three sisters: Corn, beans, squash

As the Shawnee say: Haskwaalawe? Are you hungry?


20 ounces of dried pintos (soaked overnight)

20 ounce can of hominy

One winter squash peeled and cubed


Hickory smoke flavoring


Thickener: cornmeal and/or file

Bacon grease


Red pepper

Black pepper

Garlic powder

Salt to taste

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